Wednesday, June 27, 2018

Qin Aesthetics

二十四琴況之"圓"(rounded, circled, just right)- 五音活潑之趣半在吟猱,而吟猱之妙處全在圓滿。宛轉動盪無滯無礙,不少不多,以至恰好,謂之圓。吟猱之鉅細緩急俱有圓者,不足則音虧缺,太過則音支離,皆為不美。故琴之妙在取音,取音宛轉則情聯,圓滿則意吐,其趣如水之興瀾,其體如珠之走盤,其聲如哦詠之有韻,斯可以名其圓矣。(溪山二十四琴況)

One of the 24 qin aesthetics is "Yuan" (rounded, circled, just right) which is talking about the vibrato on the guqin playing. The fine and subtle parts of creating a continuing sound after a pitch is reached, then continue to vibrate the string with the left hand, such as vibrato yin and nao, or zhuang, dou and huan. It was often described by ancient qin masters that the vibrato is like water ripples, or pearl running in a plate, or the rhythm we hear from chanting singing. Here I use Master Xin Xin Wang's singing of the "Southern Sound" style as an example. Listen the first 2 minutes, her voice and the flute's sound. One can hear the subtle sound motion from her singing and use that idea to relate to the vibrato on qin playing.




接著又說了:
抑又論之,不獨吟猱貴圓,而一彈一按一轉一折之間亦自有圓音在焉。如一彈而獲中和之用,一按而湊妙合之機,一轉而函無痕之趣,一折而應起伏之微,於是欲輕而得其所以輕,欲重而得其所以重,天然之妙猶若水滴荷心,不能定擬。神哉圓乎!

Later it says, "Yuan" is not only about vibrato, it also is about the left hand and the right hand's coordination. Like water drip on a lotus heart (need imagination or more observation). Just think about the Yin and Yang symbol. What is Yin and what is Yang, what is heavy and what is light, one has to define in mind.



恬Pleasing = 情到而不自擾, 意到而不自濃... 不味而味. 澹至妙來則生恬,恬至妙來則愈澹而不厭... (溪山二十四琴況)
a pleasing flavor in a primitive and plain music = a sentiment arrived but that does not bothering oneself; a feeling sensed but that one won't indulge himself or herself in.

One of the 24 Qin aesthetics - Pleasing. Came from Plain / Unsophisticated. But it does not giving no flavor, on the contrary, it creates a pleasing flavor that one never feeling tired or dislike.

雅(Elegant), 相對於俗: 喜工柔媚則俗,落指重濁則俗,性好炎鬧則俗,指拘局促則俗,取音粗厲則俗,入弦倉卒則俗,指法不式則俗,氣質浮躁則俗.

Elegant, as opposed to vulgarity which are: aiming for glamorous and seductive sound is vulgar; heavy and turbid or confused fingerings is vulgar; favor with busy sound is vulgar; Inflexible or unnatural fingerings is vulgar; unrefined and harsh sound is vulgar; hastily plucking is vulgar; not following the fingering rules is vulgar; impetuous energy is vulgar, etc.,

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