Friday, October 10, 2014

Degree of sincerity in the artist


"...一室之中, 宛在深山邃古, 老木寒泉, 風聲簌蔌, 令人有遺世獨立之思..." [溪山琴況]- (1644)

One of the 24 Qin art situations, is the "gu" (antiquity). Xu Qingshan (1582-1662) wrote: "... in a room, one feels like in a deep mountain and remote valley, old trees, cold spring water, sound of wind blows and leaves falling, caused one thought about leaving the world behind and being alone..."

彈琴就像所有的藝術活動一樣, 若要讓自己的琴音能感動到他人, 便是要先有誠心, 怎麼說呢

Playing the guqin is like any other work of art, if one wants to let his or her music touches listeners, the artist must be sincere to him or herself, as what Tolstoy said in his [What is Art]...

以下這一段托爾斯泰的解釋, 好的藝術品(可想成是彈一首琴曲)是要先為自己而作, 當自己知道自己的情感是什麼的時候. 並放入到自己的琴曲中,如此才能感動別人. 如果只是為了取悅別人, 以別人的喜好來彈琴或創作, 那是沒有自己的靈魂的作品, 無法真正感染到他人因瞭解感受到你的情感而受感動, 那絕不是好的藝術作品. 也就是彈琴者本身要有一個"誠心", 知己之情感為何, 誠實展現, 而不是用"機心," 想說聽眾喜歡聽起伏動蕩變化多端的曲, 就在彈奏時加入許多炫人耳目之音或勢,而不知自己真正對此曲的情感在哪兒. 因此真正能感動人的是出自內心的情感而不是刻意為他人表現的.

"But most of all is the degree of infectiousness of art increased by the
degree of sincerity in the artist. As soon as the spectator, hearer, or reader
feels that the artist is infected by his own production, and writes, sings, or
plays for himself, and not merely to act on others, this mental condition of
the artist infects the receiver; and contrariwise, as soon as the spectator,
reader, or hearer feels that the author is not writing, singing, or playing
for his own satisfaction — does not himself feel what he wishes to express
but is doing it for him, the receiver, a resistance immediately springs
up, and the most individual and the newest feelings and the cleverest
technique not only fail to produce any infection but actually repel.

I have mentioned three conditions of contagiousness in art, but they may
be all summed up into one, the last, sincerity, i.e., that the artist should be
impelled by an inner need to express his feeling. That condition includes
the first; for if the artist is sincere he will express the feeling as he
experienced it. And as each man is different from everyone else, his
feeling will be individual for everyone else; and the more individual it is
— the more the artist has drawn it from the depths of his nature — the
more sympathetic and sincere will it be. And this same sincerity will
impel the artist to find a clear expression of the feeling which he wishes to
transmit."

因為每一個人都不同, 所以每個人的經驗所帶給每個人的情感也都不同. 如果一個藝術家對自己是誠實的, 那麼他就會如實的把自己的情感呈現在他的藝術作品中, 而這件作品也將是獨特的. 當他越誠懇的面對自己, 他就越能清楚的知道他想要傳達的情感是什麼, 他的作品也就越能感動人, 觀賞者或聆聽者也就越能感同身受. 

然而托爾斯泰也提到有可能因為獨特性不夠, 作品形式技巧等問題, 會影響到內心情感的傳遞.